The Plantar fascia is a thick connective tissue that runs from the calcaneus (heel) to the heads of the metatarsal bones (to the bases of the toes). When the toes are extended, the PF tenses via what’s known as the Windlass mechanism.
When repetitive stress is applied to a bone and the bone is unable to adapt to the changes, cracks may form in the bone. These cracks are known as stress fractures.
The weather during this time of year poses a challenge to those who practice sports or run outside for several hours. One of the most important things to do prior to the workout is to check the weather forecast.
I think it’s important for anyone considering increasing their physical activity to have a recent physical exam by their primary care physician. I also recommend to keep in mind Rome was not built in day, so do not be overzealous.
In general, if the child has taken a fall or twisted ankle and there is substantial deformity noted that I recommend an x-ray urgently. If the swelling occurs rapidly, the child feels something snap or pop, or deformity is seen it may be a fracture.